Cholesterol is a lipid and is vital for the normal functioning of the body. However, having an excessively high level of lipids in your blood (hyperlipidemia) can have an effect on your health. A cholesterol level above 200 is considered borderline high, and above 240 requires aggressive treatment. 

High cholesterol itself doesn't usually cause any symptoms, but it increases your risk of serious health conditions.

It is important to know that there are two main types of lipoprotein: 

  • high-density lipoprotein (HDL) – carries cholesterol away from the cells and passes it out of the body as a waste product; for this reason, HDL is referred to as "good cholesterol", and higher levels are better
  • low-density lipoprotein (LDL) – carries cholesterol to the cells that need it, but if there's too much cholesterol for the cells to use, it can build up in the artery walls for this reason, LDL is known as "bad cholesterol"


When cholesterol levels don't require a medical treatment, some foods can help to reduce cholesterol levels. Choosing a healthy diet, low in saturated fat  is important in helping to keep healthy level of cholesterol. Here some tips to follow.

1. Soya Foods

Being naturally low in saturated fat, soya foods help lower cholesterol.    The special proteins in soya also appear to influence how the body regulates cholesterol too.  Studies show you can lower your cholesterol by around 6% by including as little as 15g soya protein per day. Nowadays you can choose from soya milk, soya yogurt, soya meat and many others.


2. Nuts

Rich in vegetable protein, fibre, heart healthy unsaturated fats, vitamin E, magnesium, potassium, you need only  30-35g a day of nuts (a handful) to lower your cholesterol 


3.Oats and Barley

Change your morning meal. Switching up your breakfast to contain two servings of oats can lower LDL ("bad") cholesterol by 5.3% in only 6 weeks. The key to this cholesterol buster is beta-glucan, once eaten beta glucan forms a gel which helps bind cholesterol in the intestines and prevent it from being absorbed.  



This popular green food contains lots of lutein, the sunshine-yellow pigment found in dark green leafy vegetables and egg yolks. Research suggests that just ½ cup of a lutein-rich food daily also guards against heart attacks by helping artery walls "shrug off" cholesterol invaders that cause clogging. Look for bags of baby spinach leaves that you can use for salads or pop in the microwave for a quick side dish. 



Avocados help raise HDL cholesterol while lowering LDL. And, more than any other fruit, this delectable food packs cholesterol-smashing beta-sitosterol, a beneficial plant-based fat that reduces the amount of cholesterol absorbed from food. Since avocados are a bit high in calories and fat (300 calories and 30 g of fat per avocado), use them in moderation. 


6. Olive oil and Olive leaf extract

Good news: This common cooking ingredient can help your health. Olive oil is full of heart-healthy monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), which lower LDL cholesterol—and have the welcome side effect of trimming belly fat. Use it to make your own salad dressings, marinate chicken and fish, or roast vegetables.

What most people don't know is that the highest percentage of polyphenols is found in the leaves of this plant. According to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, olive leaf extract may help reduce high cholesterol levels.

The purported cholesterol-lowering effects of olive leaf extracts come from oleuropein, a substance in the leaf. "Prescription for Herbal Healing" states that a 1994 experiment indicated that oleuropein reduces the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins, or bad cholesterol. Additionally, a Tunisian study, published in the November 2008 journal Chemico-biological Interactions, found that oleuropein-rich extracts from olive leaves significantly lower cholesterol levels.


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